Surgery is a major area in the field of medical science. The surgeries are broadly classified into minor and major, but surgeries in major category have more relevance in terms of techniques and after-effects. All medical specialists are not qualified to perform surgical procedures because this is an area of specialization, and a specialist in this field holds a post-graduate degree in medicine and practical training, and experience to conduct surgeries independently, though a team of assisting medical staff is always available during a surgical procedure.
Cardiac surgery is one of the key areas of specialization in the field of surgery. Cardiac surgery refers to surgery of heart which is one of the important and sensitive organs in the body. The function of heart can’t be stopped for a surgical procedure, but cardiologists made several successful attempts of open-heart surgery.
Breakthroughs in cardiac surgery
The eras of 19th and 20th centuries have been quite significant for cardiologists. The specialists in cardiac surgery, or referred to as cardiovascular, achieved tremendous success since late 19th century. Daniel Hale William, a black surgeon performed first successful American open-heart surgery in 1893 and Christian Bernard, a renowned South African surgeon, successfully performed first heart transplant in 1974.
Current scenario of cardiac surgery
Today, many cardiologists across the globe like Roberto Casula are successfully performing robotic and minimally invasive heart surgeries. In countries like US, UK, and most other parts of European Union and Asian continent, cardiologists have made multiple open-heart surgeries and heart transplants.
Many advanced techniques have been developed to perform cardiovascular surgery. Robotic hands have replaced surgical hands. The advanced techniques have replaced metallic and ceramic surgical knives by laser knife. An adult cardiac surgery is not as complex as traditional cardiac surgery and a patient needn’t have to stay in the hospital for many days. A recovery is quite faster compared to that in traditional surgery.